Questions on the Anatomy and Physiology
Which of the following is NOT a function of the skeletal system?
|protection of internal organs|
|blood cell formation|
Bone resorption requires the activity of: Questions on the Anatomy and Physiology
The only example of gomphoses in the body are the articulations between the teeth and the maxilla or mandible.
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Creatine phosphate provides 30-40 seconds of energy for muscle activity.
Which type of synovial joint is the simplest and least mobile?
Both synovial fluid and articular cartilage function in shock absorption and the lubrication of a synovial joint.
Diploë refers to spongy bone in flat bones.
A muscle cell experiencing resting membrane potential is:
|propagating an action potential.|
|more negatively charged on its exterior than in its interior.|
Which muscles elevate the scapula?
|pectoralis major and pectoralis minor|
|pectoralis minor and serratus anterior|
|trapezius and levator scapulae|
|rhomboid major and rhomboid minor|
When climbing stairs, which muscles plantar flex your foot?
|gluteus maximus and hamstrings|
|tibialis anterior and extensor digitorum longus|
|gastrocnemius and soleus|
|rectus femoris and sartorius|
Which of the following is NOT a cranial bone? Questions on the Anatomy and Physiology
The synapse of a motor neuron with a muscle fiber is known as the:
|motor end plate.|
Greater muscle tension results when muscle fibers are repeatedly stimulated.
Appositional growth produces:
|growth in width.|
|growth in length.|
From superficial to deep, the three muscles of the lateral abdominal wall are:
|transversus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique.|
|external oblique, internal oblique, rectus abdominis.|
|rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique.|
|external oblique, internal oblique, transversus abdominis.|
Cardiac muscles perform peristalsis to pump blood through the heart.
What do skeletal muscle tissue and cardiac muscle tissue share in common?
|Both skeletal and cardiac muscle tissues possess intercalated discs.|
|Both skeletal and cardiac muscle tissues are voluntary.|
|Both skeletal and cardiac muscle tissues are striated.|
|Both skeletal and cardiac muscle tissues perform peristalsis.|
Place the classes of vertebrae in order as they are situated in the vertebral column from superior to inferior. 1. cervical vertebrae 2. coccygeal vertebrae 3. lumbar vertebrae 4. sacral vertebrae 5. thoracic vertebrae Questions on the Anatomy and Physiology
|1, 5, 3, 2, 4|
|1, 3, 5, 4, 2|
|1, 3, 5, 2, 4|
|1, 5, 3, 4, 2|
The process of ossification begins at a primary ossification center in both intramembranous and endochondral ossification.
Which of the following is a functional joint classification?
What type of joint allows motion around only one axis?
The function of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is to store and release calcium ions.
Larry’s muscles weakened while he played tennis for hours on a hot summer afternoon. This inability to maintain intensity is defined as:
Which of the following does NOT belong to the axial skeleton?
What best describes cartilaginous joints?
|presence of synovial fluid in the joint cavity|
|free range of motion|
|little, if any, motion|
Where does the mentalis muscle insert?
|angle of the mouth|
|skin of the chin|
|skin around the eyelids|
Which of the following muscles does NOT adduct the thigh? Questions on the Anatomy and Physiology
From proximal to distal, what bones form the upper limb? 1. carpals 2. humerus 3. metacarpals 4. phalanges 5. ulna and radius
|5, 2, 1, 3, 4|
|2, 5, 1, 4, 3|
|2, 5, 1, 3, 4|
|2, 5, 4, 3, 1|
Muscles with a triangular shape, such as the pectoralis major muscle in the chest, typically have a:
|spiral fascicle arrangement.|
|unipennate fascicle arrangement.|
|convergent fascicle arrangement.|
|parallel fascicle arrangement|
The type of contraction in which length of the muscle fibers do not change is called:
In an adult, each coxal bone is made of three fused bones: ilium, ischium, and pubis bones.
Questions on the Anatomy and Physiology