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Possible Hazards Of Oncology Arises From Software Development

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Possible Hazards Of Oncology Arises From Software Development Question: Evaluate the number of hazards that occurs due to inefficiency of the software is performed along with the possible remedies to solve the issues.     Answer: Introduction In this era of modernization, several software are used to treat diseases like tumor, cancer and others. In this report, a number of hazards that occurs due to inefficiency of the software are discussed along with the possible remedies to solve the issues. Discussion Possible Hazards Of Oncology That Arises From Software Development Hazard Due To Pediatric CT Scans According to research, there is a direct relation between radiation exposure from CT scan that may be conducted in the childhood or adolescence of an individual and development of cancer of the same individual in any phase of life (Goo 2012).  It has been found that cranium being the mostly scanned region of the body that ranges from 78 percentage in children and 39 percentage in adults, there is an excess of 0.29 percent death due to cancer over total number of patients who are estimated to die from cancer their life time. Hazard Due To LINAC LINAC, also known as linear accelerator is device that is used for external beam radiation treatments generally for patients with cancer. According to several number of epidemiologists and clinicians, radiotherapy often increase the risk of second cancers (Page et al. 2014). Several side effects like skin irritation and fatigue show up during treating the patient by LINAC.   Hazard Due To Therac-25 Therac-25 is another radiation therapy machine. A good number of accidents is reported for generation of high current electron beam in X-ray mode during the time of direct delivery to patients. This happened due to two software faults. Firstly, the electron beam was set for X-ray mode without the target of X-ray in the required place, since the professional had selected the X-ray mode instead of electron mode (Thomadsen et al. 2014). Secondly, the electron beam was made to be activated during field-light mode. As a result, the patients suffered from radiation burns and radiation poisoning. This has even resulted in the death of three patients due to overdose. Software Features For Preventing Accidents From The Mentioned Hazards Software quality guidelines specifically for radiotherapy, is crucially needed to avoid the hazardous side effect of using software to treat tumor or other diseases. Software needs to provide ubiquitous and reliable access to patient information along with the usage of complex treatment techniques, which will in turn enhance accuracy and efficiency (Thomadsen et al. 2013).  Firstly, the equipment must be checked in a regular basis along with restoration of its performance capacity to an acceptable level. Secondly, the use of device should be restricted to prevent issues during treatment. Conclusion From the above report, it can be concluded that though software have reduced a lots of issues that remained untreated in the age before software, several hazardous problems are often faced during radioactive treatment. In order to avoid those hazardous effects imposed by the software used during radiotherapy, health care professionals and software engineers needs to work hand in hand.   Reference List Goo, H.W., 2012. CT radiation dose optimization and estimation: an update for radiologists. Korean journal of radiology, 13(1), pp.1-11. Page, B.R., Hudson, A.D., Brown, D.W., Shulman, A.C., Abdel-Wahab, M., Fisher, B.J. and Patel, S., 2014. Cobalt, linac, or other: what is the best solution for radiation therapy in developing countries?. International Journal of Radiation Oncology* Biology* Physics, 89(3), pp.476-480. Thomadsen, B., Nath, R., Bateman, F.B., Farr, J., Glisson, C., Islam, M.K., LaFrance, T., Moore, M.E., Xu, X.G. and Yudelev, M., 2014. Potential hazard due to induced radioactivity secondary to radiotherapy: the report of Task Group 136 of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine. Health physics, 107(5), pp.442-460. Thomadsen, B.R., Dunscombe, P., Ford, E., Huq, M.S., Pawlicki, T. and Sutlief, S., 2013. Quality and safety in radiotherapy: Learning the new approaches in task group 100 and beyond. AAPM Monograph, (36), pp.273-349.

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