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Nutrition And Brain Development Early Life

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Nutrition And Brain Development Early Life Question: Discuss About The Nutrition And Brain Development Early Life?   Answer: Introduction: Brain research is an ongoing process that plays a crucial role in understanding and analyzing development patterns in infants and children. Scientists and early child educators need to be updated with brain research as it provides better understanding of human development. The brain is the only organ that matures even after the birth and continues to develop and evolve even after birth (Prado & Dewey, 2014). In the video, it is said that food, diet, stress and surrounding environment affect fetus development inside the womb. The tweaking and tuning occurs in fetus’s brain that give babies the management flexibility to thrive in environments, from cities to countries, deserts when they become humans. Similarly, fetuses that are under nourished in the womb develop diseases later. When food is scarce, nutrients are diverted towards critical organs, brain to keep fetus alive for short durations affecting its development (Paul, 2011). This shows that brain research can help to prevent and treat diseases in infants based on updated medical research. The brain research helps to increase understanding and develop improved methods that help scientists to understand child behavior and development (Wasserman & Zambo, 2013). Therefore, brain research helps scientists to understand how it grows, acts and reacts in small children that have an impact on their early learning. As the title of the video suggests, ‘babies learn before they are born’ was surprising and seem implausible that babies learn inside their mothers’ womb. It is fascinating that we human beings learn before about the world before we actually enter into it. Earlier I had misconceptions about brain development in children; however, after watching the video, I discovered some wow or surprises that astonished me.  Firstly, fetuses learn the sound of their mothers’ voices. Earlier I had the misconception that babies learn after they are born, however after watching the video; I came to know that fetuses could actually hear voices in womb. The researchers proved that sounds from the outside world travel through the abdominal tissue of mothers through amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus. This happens during the fourth month of pregnancy muffled and muted. Moreover, in some instances, the voice of pregnant woman reverberates through body that reaches the fetus and they learn readily. It was amazing to know that newly born babies recognize the theme of the particular soap opera that their mothers watched during pregnancy. This gives an indication that fetuses learn a particular language before they are born (Paul, 2011). The stark finding in the video is that babies actually cry in the native language of their mothers. For example, German babies have a falling endnote when they cry while French babies have a rising note in their cry. This learning aids in newborn’s survival and they respond to the voices that care about them the most. From the moment of their birth, babies respond to their mothers’ voices and further endear it giving it a head start in the critical process of learning and understanding native language (Paul, 2011). Another astonishing fact about brain development is that babies not only learn sounds, but also senses of taste and smell. During the seven month of gestation, taste buds and olfactory receptors are fully developed that allow them to smell. The food that pregnant mothers eat, the flavors find its way into amniotic fluid that is swallowed by fetus. This shows that babies learn the sense of smell before they are born. These offerings are incorporated by the fetus into their own body and are called biological postcards sent from outside world (Paul, 2011).   The story ‘Hunger Winter’ highlighted the fact that women who were pregnant during that siege later had children with major health complications. They suffered from more diabetes, obesity and heart diseases as compared to individuals who were born under normal conditions. Starvation during prenatal stage seemed to have changed development in myriad ways. During under-nutrition phase, fetuses divert nutrients towards critical organs like brain and away from liver and heart for survival (Paul, 2011). The science writer Annie Murphy Paul conveyed valuable information about how fetuses learn in the womb from native language to favorite foods. As the video investigates how live in the womb shapes human beings, it is important to relay this information to pregnant mothers their families. Pregnant women should consume healthy diet and adopt such behaviors that promote learning and proper growth of fetus (Innis, 2014). I need to pass this information to pregnant women by holding conferences and meetings with them. Power point presentation through graphics and pictures during meetings can be helpful for pregnant mothers to understand this message clearly and they can retain it for long time. Awareness campaigns and booklet distribution can be helpful in making them aware of the lifestyle that is required for the proper growth and development of their babies. The booklet should comprise of diet plan and lifestyle modifications required for a healthy living and proper fetus development with enhanced learning. The video outlined the fact that fetuses learn before they are born and maternal nutrition affects their growth, development and learning capacity. The video provided an insight into the fact that fetuses learn sounds, senses of smell and taste in the mother’s womb before they are born. However, the video lacked evidence in providing these stated facts and it would be interesting to know about pregnant mothers’ behavior and babies’ responses. In addition, there is need for further research and evidence to know how the babies develop the ability to smell, taste and learn sounds (Barlow & Klein, 2015). The speaker in the video stated that babies cry in their mother’s native language and gave examples of German and French babies. Therefore, there is need for further research to prove this fact in babies belonging to other cultures (Paul, 2011). If I Were A Member Of Audience, My Questions To The Presenter Would Be: The presenter said that babies cry in their mother’s native language while they imitate them. However, I want to ask question that is there any evidence available that could explain the mechanism of this imitation of melodic contours of mother’s native language. In regards to the fact that babies develop the sense of smell and taste during seventh month of gestation and after birth, they develop favoritism for those foods; I would like to know about any research or evidence available to prove this statement. The most important question to the presenter would be how scientists reached to a conclusion that fetuses learn in womb and recognize those sounds, smell or taste after birth. It would be interesting to know about the mechanism from the presenter that how fetuses divert nutrients towards critical organs like brain when the food is scarce or when womb is under nourished (Paul, 2011).   References Barlow, L. A., & Klein, O. D. (2015). Developing and regenerating a sense of taste. In Current topics in developmental business-law (Vol. 111, pp. 401-419). Academic Press. Innis, S. M. (2014). Impact of maternal diet on human milk composition and neurological development of infants–. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 99(3), 734S-741S. Paul, A. (2011). What we learn before we’re born. Retrieved 20 February 2018, from Prado, E. L., & Dewey, K. G. (2014). Nutrition and brain development in early life. Nutrition reviews, 72(4), 267-284. Wasserman, L. H., & Zambo, D. (2013). Introduction. In Early Childhood and Neuroscience-Links to Development and Learning (pp. 1-5). Springer, Dordrecht.

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