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Methodology And Type Of Research Strategy

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Methodology And Type Of Research Strategy Question: Discuss about the Methodology And Type Of Research Strategy.     Answer: Introduction The current section describes the methodology adopted for the research findings and analysis. The methodology or the type of research strategy or design selected over here has been elaborated further to answer some of the questions raised in the previous chapter. The  chapter consists of the following sections such as outline  of the research, research onion, research philosophy , approach, design of the research, sampling method, strategy adopted for the research, data collection methods, analysis of the data, limitations of the research. Research Outline The research outline provides a framework based upon which the study will be conducted by the researcher to gather sufficient results and data. For the current research qualitative research approach will be used along with an inductive procedure. The researcher will conduct the research based upon interpretivism research philosophy. During the process of conducting the interview, the ethics, reliability and validity issues will be taken into consideration Research Onion Figure 1: research onion (Source: saunders et al., 2009, p.52) Research Paradigm: Philosophy Of The Research The issue highlighted by the research is analysed based upon a number of research philosophies such as positivism, interpretivism and realism. The philosophy of realism is based upon the independence of reality emerging out of the human mind. As commented by Taylor, Duncan & Fiske (2015), the autonomous thought and beliefs possessed by the people can be influenced by their perceptions about the world in general. The positivism philosophy claims that only factual knowledge gained through observation and further evaluation is trustworthy (O’Gorman, Lochrie & Watson, 2014). The philosophy of interpretivism states that access to reality is only through social processes such as language, consciousness, shared meanings and obstructions. Justification Of The Research Philosophy For the current study interpretive research philosophy will be used by the researcher which is based upon the naturalistic approach of data collection such as interviews and surveys. In the present context the researcher for the process of data collection, will be selecting semi-structured interviews. The adoption of interpretivism research philosophy helps in the analysis of qualitative research areas such as organizational cross cultural differences, factors and ethics affecting leadership. Interpretivism is attached with high level of validity as the data collected through such studies tend to be trustworthy (Creswell, 2013). The interpretivism theory helps in analysing the differences between the rural and urban scenario with respect to the delivery of services to the disabled population within the northern territory of Australia.   Research Approach There are two different research approach types such as inductive and deductive. The deductive approach is applied in case of evaluation of a large number of case studies or dissertations. As commented by Marshall  & Rossman (2014), the application of a deductive approach helps the researcher to develop hypothesis based upon the literature. On the other hand the inductive approach aims at the development of new theories relevant to the topic of the research. Justification Of The Chosen Research Approach The researcher in the current study will evaluate the observations for the development of new theories. For the current literature, the researcher will apply an inductive approach in evaluating similar patterns observed throughout the case study and factors affecting the insurance availability to the disabled person in the NT region of Australia. This hypothesis could be amalgamated to build a hypothesis, which could further help in reflecting upon the various political or social determinants. Design Of The Research There are two main forms of research design such as explanatory, exploratory, and descriptive. The exploratory research design is to evaluate an open-ended questionnaire. In exploratory design the physiological aspects are taken into consideration. In explanatory methods, the researcher explains the data without elaborating about the positive and negative outcomes (Bowling, 2014). The descriptive design is useful in evaluating a set of research objectives and questions. Justification Of The Chosen Research Design For the current study an exploratory design had been taken into consideration which helps in expanding upon the theories and evidences collected through the research. It is a non-quantitative and flexible in nature and is mot limited by pre-determined set of procedures. Sampling Method There are sampling methods of two different types such as simple random probability sampling and non-random probability sampling. The random probability sampling provides every respondent equal opportunity to participate in the research (Punch, 2013). In the case of non-random sampling purposive selection is done based upon the type of data. In the current study random probability sampling will be used by the researcher so that every respondent will have equal opportunity for participation in the data collection process. Research Strategy The strategy of the research refers to the specific method of data collection chosen over here such as surveys, interviews or case study analysis. The surveys represent the quantitative method of data collection where the respondents are put forward close-ended questionnaire and the cumulative responses will be represented with the help of statistical graphs and charts. The interview methods are based upon analysis of responses to open ended questionnaire (Palinkas et al., 2014). On the other hand the case study analysis is based upon reviewing a large number of databases and literature. Justification Of The Chosen Research Strategy In the current study the researcher will choose interview method for collection of data regarding the different challenges faced by the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) in extending help to the poor, backward and indigenous population residing in the NT region of Australia.  In this respect, a semi-structured and open ended questionnaire was provided to the respondents.  This allowed them to further expand upon the current problem situation faced by them and further helps in identification of the major loopholes within the service delivery. Data Collection Methods The data collection could be divided into primary and secondary methods. The primary data collection had been again divided into quantitative and qualitative methods. The Quantitative method is based upon collection of data through survey questionnaire whereas the qualitative method is dependent on collection of data through interview (Green& Thorogood, 2013). The secondary method is however based upon review of literature and case studies for gathering sufficient knowledge. In the current study for the collection and analysis of the data, primary qualitative research design will be used by the researcher. The face to face interview will also provide sufficient opportunity to the researcher with study the facial expressions of the interviewee. Ethical Considerations The researcher will have to take care of a number of ethical considerations during the process of conducting the interview. Some of these considerations are acquiring participation consent from the participants and NDIS. Additionally, privacy and confidentiality of the participants would also need to be supported by the researcher. In this respect the researcher will also need to take consent from the human research ethics committee. Data Analysis For the purpose of data analysis interview had been conducted where the management of NDIS and frontline workers at the grassroot level were asked questions pertaining to the different aspects of reaching out to far and wide disabled population within the northern territory of Australia. The similar responses were made into transcripts by the researchers which were further grouped into similar dissimilar categories. Time Table Stages of activities Week 1 Week 2 to 5 Week 6 to 9 Week 10 to 13 Week 14 to  17 Week 18 to 21 Week 22 to 24 Topic selection Ø                Data collection Ø                Planning Layout of the paper   Ø    Ø            Review of the  literature     Ø            Developing research plan     Ø            Selection of research technique     Ø    Ø    Ø         Secondary data collection       Ø    Ø        Analysis of the data         Ø    Ø      Interpretation of findings           Ø      Conclusion preparation           Ø      Project rough draft             Ø    Final submission             Ø    Table 1: Gantt chart (Source: author) Limitations Of The Research The research will be conducted with the help of a detailed research methodology where emphasis had been placed upon primary qualitative research. In this context, open ended interview questions were drafted for the management and grassroot level workers of the NDIS. The collective responses were grouped together into transcripts which were further evaluated for the presence of gaps or loopholes within the service delivery plan. Though there are a number of benefits of conducting interview with the help of an open ended questionnaire. There are a number of restrictions or challenges which are faced in the due course of arranging or conducting the interview. Some of these are lack of time which becomes a major constraint on the part of the researcher as well as the participants. The lack of sufficient evidences can also hamper the affectivity of the study conducted (Taylor, Bogdan & DeVault, 2015). In order to organize the interview proper consent had to be taken from the participants along with maintaining the privacy of some of their credentials such as name, position within the company. Thus, any violation with respect to confidentiality can affect the success of the project.   References Bowling, A. (2014). Research methods in health: investigating health and health services. London: McGraw-Hill Education, p.35. Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. London: Sage publications, p.20. Duncan, S., & Fiske, D. W. (2015). Face-to-face interaction: Research, methods, and theory (Vol. 3). Abingdon: Routledge, pp.125-263. Green, J., & Thorogood, N. (2013). Qualitative methods for health research. London:Sage, p.58.. Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B. (2014). Designing qualitative research. London:Sage publications, p.15. O’Gorman, K., Lochrie, S., & Watson, A. (2014). Research philosophy and case studies. Research Methods for Business & Management, 152-172. O’Gorman, K., Lochrie, S., & Watson, K. (2016). Qualitative research in nursing and healthcare. New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, p.22. Palinkas, L. A., Horwitz, S. M., Green, C. A., Wisdom, J. P., Duan, N., & Hoagwood, K. (2015). Purposeful sampling for qualitative data collection and analysis in mixed method implementation research. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 42(5), 533-544. Punch, K. F. (2013). Introduction to social research: Quantitative and qualitative approaches. London: Sage, p.47. Saunders, J. H., Onion, D., Collier, P., Dorrington, M. S., Argent, R. H., Clarke, P. A., … & Grabowska, A. M. (2017). Individual patient oesophageal cancer 3D models for tailored treatment. Oncotarget, 8(15), p.52. Taylor, S. J., Bogdan, R., & DeVault, M. (2015). Introduction to qualitative research methods: A guidebook and resource. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, p.25.

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