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Evolving Role Of Public Health In The Delivery Of Health Care

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Evolving Role Of Public Health In The Delivery Of Health Care Question: 1: Understand how principles of support are implemented in health and social care practice 2: Understand the theories that underpin health and social care practice. The above two needs a case study that relate to mental health that must consist of dilemma and conflict that might arise. Please follow the unit content as attached 3: Understand the impact of policy, legislation,regulation,codes of practice and standards on organisation policy and practice. 4: Be able to contribute to the development and implementation of health and social care organisational policy. The last two should be in essay form please follow unit content.   Answer: Introduction Health and Social care practices are one of the major aspects of community or society. As various sorts of diseases affect people always, general people should be aware of most common disease or a pathogen for their good. The main job Health and Social care centers are to profile the people with adequate medications and treatment. One of the major factors of these services is that they maintain the privacy of a patient’s opinion. To decrease the effects of hazards and other risk factors, promotion of the awareness should be done to abolish many social issues and disease pathogenicity (Lillis et al. 2010). 1 The primary principle of a health and social care service is the maintenance and promotion of an individual’s health to keep the client healthy. Through safeguarding the people, staffs and patients who are directly involved in these services in a health care setting is one of the most vital responsibilities of the employers (McClellan et al. 2010). To be sure that every person is a risk-free and safe in social and health caring centers, it is very important to identify the reasons that are behind the considerable risk factors in a particular workplace. The harm can be of many different types like psychological harm, physical harm, emotional harm, financial harm, etc. It is a care worker primary job to secure all these risk factors by providing safe, effective, risk-free environment. Another thing that the care providers should be aware of that, they should always respect a patient’s personality and right. It is quite obvious that in a vast cultural diversity, every individual can have its own set of cultural traditions. So people belonging to different cultural domain come in for health care services. As a result, the service users should take their own decisions as they have their own right. The main principles for supporting health care services are:   It should be always ensured that every individual can make their own choices for their self-care. Proper action plan for service and care services should be made according to respective information and user support. Communication should be established for effective services. Modern technologies should be incorporated into the services. Knowledge of the employees should be developed periodically. Employees should be conducted into regular risk management for the minimization of hazards and risks. Care workers should be involved in development, planning and evaluation of the entire services. It is very important that all of the above mentioned factors are ensured to achieve better services. One of the major to achieve this goal, the care and health service providers should be given proper supervision and support. For the cause of their own personal safety, it is very much important that the providers are given restricted freedom. One thing is very much sure that the job of care and health service provider are very challenging in aspect to the protection of the patient as every single individual has its own perception (McCormack et al. 2013). It is considered that if the patients are provided with friendly behavior and love is best-fitted solution for the patients. Another aspect of the care workers is that they also help their clients in the completion of any work. If the patients are unable to manage or handle their work, these care providers come to rescue (Bohmer, 2010). The person-centered approach is considered to be the fulfillment of wishes, needs, and preferences of the patients.  It is also to be considered that the clients can make their decisions through privacy and dignity. With respect to social and health services settings, it can be considered to be one of the best practices for handling clients. Through the fulfillment of the clients’ needs and demands, the quality of the service increases. Patient’s mental, physical, psychological and emotional aspects should be taken care of. To make the quality of the of the services better, personal preference according to the patients should be given. A good communication network between the care providers and should be established as it will improve the patient’s confidence level upon his or her care provider (Bechtel and Ness, 2010).   At times, the care workers receive some awkward situations that are too much contradictory. It is very much important that the care workers always maintain organizational protocols every time while they are in practice. Sometimes the critical ethical dilemma arises, which can result in conflicts due to the basic differences of culture, belief, and opinion.  Keeping this in mind, the social and health services can be affected due to such conflicts resulting in a ecrease in the quality of the services (Atrash and Carpentier, 2012). According to the law, an adult individual can take his own decision. Sometimes the patient refuses to take proper medication that result in a decrease in the service quality. As a result, the workers face an issue of the ethical dilemma. It is a fact that a care provider can not force the patient to do what is needed to be done. But on the other hand, if something bad happens, the care provider will be seen as the reason. So in these situations, it is not possible to do what the patient wants, where restraining occurs (Epstein at al. 2010). 2 o ensure and maintain the best quality of services, policies, regulations, legislation and code should be implemented according to the local and national legislative policies of the United Kingdom. As this profession is one of the most sensitive, the care providers must follow and obey the rules and regulation as per the code of conduct. Strong discipline among the workers will increase the quality of the service provided (McCormack et al. 2010). Employees should also follow the data protection act as they might leak data relating the setting or patients. Control of Substance Hazardous to Health Regulation is also a regulation criteria that are needed to be followed. Bleaching agents, cupboard containers, detergents, and other chemical agents should be issued and should be accessible for only one person only. The observation should be carried out on a regular basis regarding safety issues Noticing anyone; proper warning signs should be shown on warning boards for the better social care. In regard with the various regulations and laws, legislation, employers will provide appropriate lectures and training to the staffs to train them well (Cooley and Segerman, 2011).   To provide the proper guidelines into the respective institutes, fields and professionals all of the procedures and policies should be developed. With the reflection of this, it can be said that national policies are broader than local policies. To obtain the most output of those policies, critical and elaborated study along with careful planning and implementation strategies should be carried out. Correlation and synchronization of national and local policies are therefore very much important (Mitchell et al. 2012). To achieve this goal, the policies should be designed in such a way that they are straight forward and easy to understand. There should be few chances of misinterpretation in the policies. It should be also considered that there is a huge diversity between the different organization, so the policies should be flexible as well. As a result, the employees of a particular setting are very much eager to follow the regulations and rules that are the reflection of their respective culture (Poksinska 2010). This will also make the job process much easier. It is also very much important to monitor all the policies that are implemented. If anything wrong happens, then the policies can be reviewed in future (Lawn and Schoo 2010). On the aspect of policy, regulation, it is important to note that policies, codes, regulations, legislations have a very powerful impact. It provides the proper guideline that should be followed by the employees. As per the legislations and policies, an organization has to to the practices. Although it is very tough for an organization to formulate policies regarding health and social care centers(Entwistle et al. 2010). 3 One of the most accepted social and health care theory is the Maslow’s hierarchy theory of needs. According to this theory, the basic needs of an individual can be classified into several categories where the nedds are most important. Without completing the needs of lower level, an individual can not move to the next category (Dewar and Nolan, 2013). Physical and psychological needs can be considered as one of the most basic needs in this literature. Security, safety, love, self esteem, self-actualization and belongingness are in the next category. This theory can be implemented to to plan a service procedure (Stuart 2014). Another theory which is well known is the human growth and development theory. According to this theory different caring and helping needs are kept for different stages. With respect to stress management, behavior, social process other theories can also be implemented. In the social and health care sector, these theories play a vital role. As care providers deal with different kind of patient in their career, they can use these theories which best fits for a particular patients. An effective care plan can derived out through proper utilization of these theories. In order to undertand the behavior and attitude of a service provider, these theories help a lot. Fo the achievement of a quick recovery for a patient, care profiders can use these theories (Shorter and Stayt 2010). The social processes a very vital role. Different people have their different set of behavior, reaction process, adaptation capability, according to various situations that are sometimes influenced. To ensure the effectiveness of the applied intervention, proper development, and planning of the social and health care services should be carried out. All these should be done according to the social prospects. The social and health care services must be applied diversely to increase its effectiveness. As different people belonging from different culture often react differently to circumstances of the same nature. In the case of the Health and Social care practice, a health care provider works in the cooperation with the other health care providers belonging to the other fields through a continuous and connected basis. This process is called inter-professional working. Nurses, doctors, psychologists, health care assist, physical therapists, respiratory therapists, and midwives are considered in this aspect.  All of these different fields collectively meet the basic needs of the patient (Bohmer, 2010).   4 When a therapeutic environment is provided to the patient, the essential role of the care provider is to maintain the quality of it. A relationship of trust is the most vital aspect of this process as most of the time, the care provider stays with the patients. For support, the patient depends upon the care provider, as the normal independence and function of the patient are exercised to the highest level possible (Department of Health, 2013).  To ensure the fluent running of the system for staffs and employees to follow, The organization policy of a particular institution is very important. On account of the purpose for the minimization of the misinterpretation and misunderstanding, it is very much needed to make the policies of the organization straightforward and clear (Atrash and Carpentier, 2012). It is very important that an individual learns the adequate knowledge about this practice through the general health council (Dixon et al. 2014). To meet the requirement of good practice. Through the learning and acquiring proper knowledge a person can determine whether the people are adhering by the national standards and national policies (Gould et al. 2010). The care providers should also give importance to the local policies and national policies. By following the general regulations and rule as well as the legislation in the social and health care practice and protocols set up by the organization is compulsory (Cooley and Segerman, 2011). Conclusion Through the above mentioned aspects. It is very much possible to the minimize the hazards and various diseases from the society as the service providers will tend to work together along with the government (Bechtel and Ness, 2010).   References Atrash, K. and Carpentier, R., 2012. The evolving role of public health in the delivery of health care. Revista brasileira de crescimento e desenvolvimento humano, 22(3), pp.396-399. Bechtel, C. and Ness, D.L., 2010. If you build it, will they come? Designing truly patient-centered health care. Health Affairs, 29(5), pp.914-920. Bohmer, R.M., 2010. Fixing health care on the front lines. Harvard business review, 88(4), pp.62-69. Cooley, W.C. and Sagerman, P.J., 2011. Supporting the health care transition from adolescence to adulthood in the medical home. Pediatrics,128(1), pp.182-200. Department of Health, 2013. Patients First and Foremost: The Initial Government Response to the Report of the Mid Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust Public Inquiry (Vol. 8576). The Stationery Office. Dewar, B. and Nolan, M., 2013. Caring about caring: developing a model to implement compassionate relationship centred care in an older people care setting. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 50(9), pp.1247-1258. Dixon, L., McFarlane, W.R., Lefley, H., Lucksted, A., Cohen, M., Falloon, I., Mueser, K., Miklowitz, D., Solomon, P. and Sondheimer, D., 2014. Evidence-based practices for services to families of people with psychiatric disabilities. Psychiatric Services. Entwistle, V.A., Carter, S.M., Cribb, A. and McCaffery, K., 2010. Supporting patient autonomy: the importance of clinician-patient relationships. Journal of general internal medicine, 25(7), pp.741-745. Epstein, R.M., Fiscella, K., Lesser, C.S. and Stange, K.C., 2010. Why the nation needs a policy push on patient-centered health care. Health Affairs,29(8), pp.1489-1495. Gould, C.V., Umscheid, C.A., Agarwal, R.K., Kuntz, G. and Pegues, D.A., 2010. Guideline for prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections 2009. Infection Control, 31(04), pp.319-320. Lawn, S. and Schoo, A., 2010. Supporting self-management of chronic health conditions: common approaches. Patient education and counseling,80(2), pp.205-211. Lillis, C., LeMone, P., LeBon, M. and Lynn, P., 2010. Study guide for fundamentals of nursing: The art and science of nursing care. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. McClellan, M., McKethan, A.N., Lewis, J.L., Roski, J. and Fisher, E.S., 2010. A national strategy to put accountable care into practice. Health Affairs, 29(5), pp.982-990. McCormack, B., Dewing, J., Breslin, L., Coyne‐Nevin, A., Kennedy, K., Manning, M., Peelo‐Kilroe, L., Tobin, C. and Slater, P., 2010. Developing person‐centred practice: nursing outcomes arising from changes to the care environment in residential settings for older people. International Journal of Older People Nursing, 5(2), pp.93-107. McCormack, B., Manley, K. and Titchen, A. eds., 2013. Practice development in nursing and healthcare. John Wiley & Sons. Mitchell, P., Wynia, M., Golden, R., McNellis, B., Okun, S., Webb, C.E., Rohrbach, V. and Von Kohorn, I., 2012. Core principles & values of effective team-based health care. Washington, DC: Institute of Medicine. Poksinska, B., 2010. The current state of Lean implementation in health care: literature review. Quality Management in Healthcare, 19(4), pp.319-329. Shorter, M. and Stayt, L.C., 2010. Critical care nurses’ experiences of grief in an adult intensive care unit. Journal of advanced nursing, 66(1), pp.159-167. Stuart, G.W., 2014. Principles and practice of psychiatric nursing. Elsevier Health Sciences

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