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Combination Device And Methods Of Treating

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Combination Device And Methods Of Treating Question: Discuss about the Combination Device and Methods of Treating.     Answer: Introduction: Congestive heart failure is a chronic homeostatic imbalance that affects the cardiovascular system. The condition occurs when the heart fails to efficiently pump blood and supply the body with the required nutrients and oxygen. There are two types of the condition which are right-sided heart failure and left-sided heart failure which could be systolic or diastolic (Winters, 2015). Homeostatic of the cardiovascular system is mostly caused by high blood pressure which makes the heart to work harder than it is used to in order to pump blood to all the body organs causing an imbalance in the heart which can also lead to congestive heart failure. In this case, when one is suffering from the condition, blood goes through the heart and body at a much slower rate while the pressure in the heart rises. Consequently, the heart is unable to pump adequate oxygen and nutrients to meet the body’s requirements. The heart’s chambers may respond by stretching to accommodate more blood or by being stiff and thick (Tissot, Cruz & Miyamoto, 2014). Although this helps to keep the moving, the heart muscle walls eventually weaken and can no longer pump blood effectively. With congestive heart failure, the kidneys are not supplied with enough blood and they lose their ability to excrete excess salt and water and more fluids are retained in the body. In addition, the lungs become accumulated with excess fluid (Cardinale, Priola, Moretti, & Volpicelli, 2014). The liver may also become congested with fluid and its ability to discharge toxins and secrete essential proteins is compromised. Further, the intestines function of absorbing nutrients and medicines is interfered with (Verbrugge, Dupont & Mullens, 2013). A number of conditions that affect the heart muscles such as Coronary Artery Disease, Cardiomyopathy a heart attack, hypertension, kidney disease, diabetes, cause the homeostatic imbalance and thyroid disease as well as disorders of the heart valves or heart defects at birth. Other risk factors that are likely to increase the chances of one getting congestive heart failure are viral infections, tobacco and alcohol abuse, sedentary living, obesity, sleep apnea and certain medications such as anesthesia medications (Azevedo, Santos & Henrique Fernandes, 2014). Complications that may occur as a result of congestive heart failure include kidney failure, heart valve problems, liver damage and heart rhythm problems or arrhythmias. Globally, more than 20 million people suffer from Congestive heart failure. The incidence is increasing due to the increase in the prevalence of risk factors and the increased lifespan (Azevedo, Santos & Fernandes, 2014). Some of the main signs of Congestive heart failure are fluid and water retention that results in swollen ankles and legs, edema and weight gain. This may also increase urination especially at night and bloat of the stomach that may cause nausea or loss of appetite. In addition, other signs are rapid or irregular heartbeats as well as congested lungs that cause wheezing or a dry hacking cough. Symptoms likely to be experienced are breathlessness or shortness of breath, dizziness, fatigue and general body weakness (Tissot, Cruz & Miyamoto, 2014). In order to make a diagnosis of congestive heart failure and determine its severity, a couple of tests may be conducted. To begin with, blood tests may be done to evaluate the thyroid and kidney function. B-type Natriuretic Peptide blood tests are carried out to assess the severity of the condition. In addition, chest X-rays may be done to show the size of the heart and determine whether fluids have accumulated in the heart and lungs. An ultrasound called Echocardiogram may be conducted to show the movement, function, and structure of the heart. Other tests that may be carried out include an electrocardiogram (EKG), MRI, Cardiac catheterization, Ejection Fraction and stress tests (Terry & Danielsson, 2013).   There are a variety of treatment options for Congestive heart failure including medications. These are Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or Vasodilators that open up the narrowed blood vessels. Further, one could be prescribed to Beta-blockers that reduce the blood pressure. Diuretics can also be taken to help in reducing the body’s fluid content. However, these drugs may not be effective and one could resolve to have more invasive procedures such as surgery whereby Angioplasty is done to open up the blocked blood vessels. To help the valves open and close accordingly, a heart valve surgery may be performed (winters, 2015). In order to prevent this condition, appropriate control of medications and positive changes in one’s lifestyle should be taken seriously. Engaging in reasonable physical activities, watching one’s weight, abstaining from alcohol and smoking would help minimize the risks of contracting the disease.The prognosis of a person suffering from heart failure depends on the severity of the condition, its clinical manifestation and the functioning of the heart muscles and how well one adheres to the treatment plan (Bishop & Altschuld, 2016). The condition is characterized by reduced mental and physical health and this decreases the quality of life. The condition worsens with time with the exception of reversible conditions being the cause. Although most patients have a long life expectancy, the condition has an annual mortality rate of 10% (Whang, 2013). In conclusion, the essay has discussed on homeostasis and its effects on the cardiovascular system. Homeostasis of the cardiovascular system is caused by an imbalance in the heart. The imbalance is caused by high blood pressure, which makes the heart to work harder than normal; this strains the heart resulting in congestive heart failure. Congestive heart failure is a condition that occurs when the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently and the fluid levels rise in the body. This can be avoided by avoiding some lifestyle habits that are considered to be risk factors such as smoking and sedentary living. If one is on medication meant for heart disease, diabetes or high blood pressure, they should take them as prescribed by the physician. For those suffering from the disease, they ought to frequently monitor their condition and report any changes to their doctors. Further, in order to prevent homeostatic imbalances, it is imperative to adopt a positive lifestyle.   References Azevedo, P. S., dos Santos, P. P., &Henrique Fernandes, A. A.,  (2014). Congestive Heart Failure. In Role of Oxidative Scott, Stress in Chronic Diseases (pp. 282-313). CRC Press. Bishop, S. P., &Altschuld, R. A. (2016). Increased glycolytic metabolism in cardiac hypertrophy and congestive failure. American Journal of Physiology–Legacy Content, 218(1), 153-159. Cardinale, L., Priola, A. M., Moretti, F., &Volpicelli, G. (2014). Effectiveness of chest radiography, lung ultrasound and thoracic computed tomography in the diagnosis of congestive heart failure. World journal of radiology, 6(6), 230. Terry Jr, R. S., &Danielsson, I. (2013).Combination Device and Methods of Treating Congestive Heart Failure. U.S. Patent Application No. 13/744,155. Tissot, C., da Cruz, E. M., & Miyamoto, S. D. (2014). Congestive Heart Failure. In Pediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Intensive Care (pp. 2045-2062). Springer London. Verbrugge, F. H.,Dupont, M.,&Mullens, W. (2013). Abdominal contributions to cardiorenal dysfunction in congestive heart failure. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 62(6), 485-495. Whang, W. (2013). Congestive heart failure. In Encyclopedia of behavioral medicine (pp. 485-486). Springer New York. Winters, M. E. (2015). Congestive heart failure. Emergency medicine clinics of North America, 33(3), 553-562.

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