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How To Cite Medical Papers: AMA Format Guide

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How To Cite Medical Papers: AMA Format Guide

Master AMA Citation for Medical Papers Guide

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on how to cite medical papers using the American Medical Association (AMA) format. Whether you are a medical professional, researcher, or student, properly citing your sources is essential for credibility and academic integrity. This article will provide a step-by-step AMA format guide, offering clear instructions and examples on how to cite medical articles effectively. Mastering this citation style will not only improve your research papers but also ensure that your work is accessible and traceable by other professionals in the medical field.

Table of Contents

What is AMA Format?

How to Cite Medical Papers: A Step-by-Step Guide

  1. Title of the Paper
  2. Authors and Affiliations
  3. Journal Information
  4. Publication Date
  5. Article Titles and Page Numbers
  6. DOI and URL

AMA Citation Style: In-text Citations and References

  1. Parenthetical In-text Citations
  2. Reference List Entries
  3. Examples of AMA Citation Styles

AMA Referencing Guide: Tips and Best Practices

  1. Formatting and Organization
  2. Abbreviations and Capitalization
  3. Citing Medical Literature: Specific Cases
  4. AMA Citation Rules


How To Cite Medical Papers: AMA Format Guide

Writing a medical paper involves conducting thorough research and referring to various sources. It is crucial to appropriately cite the information you include in your paper to acknowledge the original authors and allow readers to verify your claims. The medical community uses the AMA format for in-text citations and reference lists. By adhering to the AMA citation style, you can ensure that your work conforms to the established academic standards.

How to Cite Medical Papers: A Step-by-Step Guide

To cite medical papers in AMA format, follow these step-by-step instructions:

Title of the Paper

The paper’s title should reflect the content and purpose of your research. Choosing a concise and descriptive title that accurately represents your work is essential.

Authors and Affiliations

Include the names of all authors who contributed to the paper. Start with the last name followed by the initials of the first and middle names. If there are more than six authors, mention the first three names followed by et al. It is important to include the authors’ affiliations, usually the department, institution, or organization they are associated with.

Journal Information

Provide the full name of the journal in which the paper was published. Abbreviate the journal title according to the AMA Manual of Style guidelines. Include the volume number, issue number (if applicable), and page range of the article.

Publication Date

Include the year of publication of the medical paper. For monthly magazines or journals, mention the month as well. If the publication date is not provided, use “n.d.” (no date) instead.

Article Titles and Page Numbers

Include the title of the specific article within the journal. If the paper is part of a larger journal issue, enclose the article title in quotation marks. Mention the page range of the article within the journal.


If the medical paper has a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), include it. A DOI provides a unique identifier for the article and ensures a stable link to the source. If the DOI is unavailable, you can provide the article’s URL.

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AMA Citation Style: In-text Citations and References

In-text citations in AMA style are parenthetical and include superscript numbers corresponding to the full reference listed in the reference section. The reference list should be organized numerically and alphabetically based on the author’s last name. Here are examples of AMA citation styles:

Parenthetical In-text Citations

When directly quoting or paraphrasing information from a source, include a superscript number at the end of the sentence after the punctuation mark. ^1 The corresponding number should match the full reference in the reference list.

Reference List Entries

The reference list should contain all the sources cited within the paper. Each entry should follow a specific format based on the type of source. For example, book references should include the author’s name, title, publisher, and year of publication.

Examples of AMA Citation Styles

To make it easier for you to understand and apply the AMA citation style, here are some examples:

Journal Article:

Smith AB, Johnson CD, Miller EF, et al. Title of the Article. J Med Res. 2022;10(3):45-50. doi:10.1002/jmr.12345


Brown EF, Davis GM, eds. Title of the Book. 3rd ed. Publisher; 2022.

AMA Referencing Guide: Tips and Best Practices

To ensure your AMA citations are accurate and meet the required standards, consider the following tips and best practices:

Formatting and Organization

Follow the guidelines outlined in the AMA Manual of Style for formatting and organizing your citations. Pay attention to details such as punctuation, capitalization, italics, and abbreviation styles.

Abbreviations and Capitalization

AMA format utilizes specific abbreviations and capitalization rules. Familiarize yourself with these rules to accurately abbreviate terms and capitalize words in your citations.

Citing Medical Literature: Specific Cases

Certain medical literature may require additional considerations for accurate citations. For example, citing conference proceedings, personal communications, or online sources may have distinct guidelines. Consult the AMA Manual of Style for specific examples.

AMA Citation Rules

The AMA Manual of Style provides comprehensive rules for every aspect of AMA citation formatting. It covers various sources, including books, journal articles, websites, and multimedia. Familiarize yourself with these rules to ensure your citations are consistent and accurately formatted.


Citing medical papers in AMA format is a crucial aspect of academic writing in the medical field. Following the step-by-step guide in this article, you can ensure that your citations are accurate, consistent, and adhere to the AMA citation style. Properly citing your sources enhances the credibility of your research and allows others to explore the referenced material easily. Refer to the AMA Manual of Style for specific citation formatting guidelines and examples.

We hope this AMA format guide has helped you understand how to cite medical papers effectively. Incorporate these practices into your research and writing process to elevate the quality and professionalism of your work. Accurate citations demonstrate your respect for intellectual property and ensure that knowledge and discoveries are shared appropriately within the medical community.

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Feel free to contact our team if you have further questions or need assistance with AMA format citations. Happy citing!

Frequently Asked Questions About “How to Cite Medical Papers”

What is the AMA format, and why is it important for citing medical papers?

The AMA (American Medical Association) format is a citation style widely used in the medical field. It ensures consistency and accuracy in citing sources, crucial for medical research and publications.

How do I cite a book in AMA format?

For books, include the author(s), title, edition (if applicable), place of publication, publisher, and year. Use superscript numbers in-text for citations corresponding to a numbered reference list.

Can you provide an example of citing a journal article in AMA format?

Certainly! Include the author(s), title, journal name, year, volume, issue, and page range for a journal article. For in-text citations, use superscript numbers.

Are there specific rules for citing online sources in AMA format?

Yes, include the author(s), title, URL, publication date (if available), and access date for online sources. Follow the same in-text citation style using superscript numbers.

How should I cite a source with multiple authors in AMA format?

List up to six authors. If there are more than six, list the first three followed by “et al.” In the reference list, include all authors. Use commas to separate author names and an ampersand (&) before the last author’s name.

Is there a difference in citing print and online journals in AMA format?

The basic format is similar for both print and online journals. Include all required elements, and for online sources, add the URL. Ensure that you use the same superscript number system for in-text citations.

How do I format citations for footnotes and endnotes in AMA style?

In AMA, superscript numbers are used in the text for citations, and the corresponding numbered references are listed at the end of the document. Avoid using footnotes for citation purposes in AMA style.

What if a source doesn’t have a publication date in AMA format?

If a source lacks a publication date, use “n.d.” (no date) instead of the year. However, try to find the publication date or mention in your text that it is unavailable.

Is there a specific order for arranging sources in the reference list in AMA format?

Yes, list sources numerically in the order they appear in the text. Include all the necessary elements for each source type. Consult the AMA Manual of Style for detailed instructions on specific source types.

Where can I find more detailed guidelines for the AMA citation format?

Refer to the AMA Manual of Style, 11th edition, for comprehensive guidelines. It provides detailed instructions on citing various sources, manuscript preparation, and other medical writing and publishing aspects.

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