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Asylum-seekers At Nauru And Manus Island

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Asylum-seekers At Nauru And Manus Island Question: Discuss about the Asylum-seekers at Nauru and Manus Island.     Answer: What Is The Case Study? The case study addresses problems encountered by the Australian refugees and asylum seekers in their effort to seek refuge in Australia as well as the government effort to keep the illegal immigrants out of the country. The government puts in place strict laws and policies on immigrants. Manus Island is used as an experiment by the government with the highest logical restriction to frustrate the refuges and frighten them to go back to their homes.  The detention is designed to have the most inhuman conditions such that no asylum seeker would survive and thus forced to go back to their chaotic homes[1]. In August 2001, a group of 433 Afghan asylum seekers got lost at the Sea but when they sent a distress signal to Australia for help, the group was picked two days later and taken to a nearby port. This was done against the expectations of the asylums who wanted to settle in Christmas Island, a territory belonging to Australia. The asylums who included pregnant women and children were dehydrated, some fell sick and others threatened to commit suicide. John Howard, the Prime minister become prominent for strictly upholding the immigration policy to keep the unwanted refugees and asylum seekers out of Australia. International influence on the Australian government saw the refugees and the asylum seekers taken to Nauru and Manus camps as they awaited for their settlement documents. Who Is Does It Involve? The case study involves the Australian refugees, Asylum seekers and the Australian government. The refugees and the asylum seekers consider Australia as a peaceful and a place to settle away from their inhabitable homes. They use boats to sail through the Indian Ocean to Australia. The government is working to protect its country from the immigrants. The top politicians make policies to keep the country free of immigrants. They are required to get legal asylum registration documents to settle in the main land. Also the case study involves the Australian locals who view the asylum seekers as competitors. They try to frustrate them through attacks and oppressions to chase them out of the country. The refugees receive brutal and frequent attacks, protests and blockades in all their residence camps. Although these places have fences, the refugees have to visit the Lorengau settlement area to seek food and medications. In one of the attacks, one of the Iranian asylum seekers was attacked and his skull broken by the locals as they stole his phone and money.  The camps were never supplied with adequate medical services and thus their health and lives were in danger. In another incidence, the Hamid Kehazaei, an asylum seeker died due to septicemia which had developed from a skin infection but no treatment was rendered. The health and medical situation at Manus Island has been a disaster and a big challenge to the doctors who always complain about the place being too remote to receive the best medical services[2]. Most of the asylum seekers and refugees died as a result of bacterial infections, abandonment to proper health and suicide.   What Is The Problem And How Things Currently Are? The problem addressed by the case study is that the Australian government is struggling to register all immigrants getting in Australia while on the other hand, the refugees and the asylum seekers are moving in to the country illegally by boats. The Australian government has a preference over the settlement of refugees and the asylum seekers. The culprits on the other hand, have no choice on a settlement place with Australia being the only easier way home from the tribulations at their home country .Due to this problem, the asylum seekers find themselves in deep problems. They are denied access to the country mainland and directed to the Manus and Nauru Island as they await processing of their documents. At the camps the immigrants are forced to live in vicious conditions. The people who are damped in that location are deprived of their legal rights including medical support and interaction with the Australian People. Manus Island is located about 300 kilometers north of Papua New Guinea Island while Nauru camp is located about 3000 kilometers from Australia[3]. The remoteness of the area from the Australian mainland makes the two camps tantamount to torture. The asylum seekers are threatened, murdered and mistreated by the locals and PNG guards in the camps and nobody comes to their rescue. For example, in 2007, the police used fists, metal bars, and knifes to fight the refugees from the two detention camps. The PNG guards would transfer the refugee detainees from one camp to the other as they wished without necessarily minding about their freedom. At Nauru camp, about 1000 refugees and asylum seekers living there are going through a vicious experience as at May 2007. The families in those camps are living under marques made of plastic boundaries that have no air conditioning, accessibility to the toilets and kitchen facilities as well. The camp has experienced a series of robberies, rapes, and bashing[4]. The asylums have to endure the harsh life conditions in Nauru camp as there were no accommodations in the neighborhood and means of transport to other areas. The Iranian asylum seekers received no justice. This is demonstrated by a case where an Iranian woman was raped and the case with evidence from the doctor taken to Australia, the Immigration department ignored and the victim was threatened. The asylum seekers’ place of accommodations are not safe either, snakes attack them from their houses. The people are at risk of infections and skin diseases. Further, regardless of the high humidity levels in those areas, the asylum seekers are exposed to poor sanitation and are forced to walk barefooted in raw sewage. Every year, over 6 people living in the camps die from malaria.  Provision of health services even got worse after the the closure of the previous detention camps. What current policies and laws address, shape and otherwise influence this case study and are there alternative policies currently being recommended as a means of dealing with this problem? The inhuman conditions at the camps has raised concern to the international and refugee organizations. These organization points fingers to the Australian government forcing it to revisit their immigration laws and policies. In April 2016, the PNG Supreme court ordered the closure of the Manus Island with reasons that the detentions were unlawful. However, this ruling was ignored by both Australia and PNG and this left the refugees and the asylum seekers homeless[5]. All the plans by the government to resettle the asylum failed as no other country took the initiative. The law prevents the settlement of refugees who seek to enter the country by boat or any other illegal means[6].  The country has strongly held this ideology in determining the refugees to settle in Australia and who not to accommodate. Years later, the Australian policies changed from being harsh to allowing the protection of Non-citizens. The policies, however, allows the people who make it to the mainland to claim their asylum rights[7]. The country has then shown its endeavors to protect and support the asylums deported at the various detention camps. Unlike Howard, Kevin Rudd the new prime minister have promised to stop the offshore processing camps. He met a lot of opposition from his party due to the increased number of refugees coming to Australia and dying in the Sea. As of today, the government has withheld Howard’s policies to stop the refugees from settling in the mainland, even when some have the legal asylum documents. This calls for a fight back by the refugee groups which consequently has resulted in violence and killings from the camps. Also, the Australian government is cancelling the refugee’s visa and pushing for border force act.   Bibliography Farrell, Paul, Nick Evershed, and Helen Davidson. The Nauru files: cache of 2,000 leaked reports reveal scale of abuse of children in Australian offshore detention. The Guardian 10, 16, no. no. 8 (2016). Fleay, Caroline, and Sue Hoffman. Despair as a governing strategy: Australia and the offshore processing of asylum-seekers on Nauru. Refugee Survey Quarterly 33, 2014: 1-19. Isaacs, David. Are healthcare professionals working in Australia’s immigration detention centres condoning torture. Journal of medical ethics (2015): medethics medethics-2015. (2015). Isaacs, David. Nauru and detention of children.  Journal of paediatrics and child health 51, no. 4 (2015): 353-354. McAdam, Jane. Refugees: Why seeking asylum is legal and Australia’s policies are not. UNSW Pres, 2014. Newman, Louise, Nicholas Proctor, and Michael Dudley. Seeking asylum in Australia: immigration detention, human rights and mental health care.  Australasian Psychiatry 21, ., no. 4  (2013): 315-320. Phillips, Janet. Asylum seekers and refugees: what are the facts?. :Canberra: Department of Parliamentary Services, Parliament of Australia, 2013. Sanggaran, John-Paul, Grant M. Ferguson, and Bridget G. Haire. Ethical challenges for doctors working in immigration detention. Med J Aust 201, no. no. 7 ((2014):): 377-78.

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